The history of the city

Aarhus is one of the oldest cities in Scandinavia, but today one of the youngest due to the average age of the inhabitants.

Today Aarhus is known as an innovative city that is characterised as a student city with a rich history which already begun when the Vikings founded the city primarily due to its advantageous location. Today, much evidence of the history can be found throughout the city.

The history of Aarhus

Aarhus's origin

New excavations have shown that Aarhus was founded around the year 770.

This means that Aarhus is in fact at least 100 years older than assumed originally, and thus one of Scandinavia’s oldest cities.

Much water has run through the Aarhus river since then and today the city has more than 300,000 inhabitants. The city is bursting with life and is continually evolving.

History of Aarhus

History of Aarhus

Many things have happened since the vikings established Aros which is now known as Aarhus. Aarhus is beatifully situated in Eastern Jutland surrounded by forrest and beach.

Vikings in Aarhus

Aarhus was founded during the Viking Age, and there are still traces of the people who chose to settle by the mouth of the Aarhus Å river.

The original town was situated along the river up to Immervad and in the part of the city where the Cathedral is today. Old street names such as Volden (The Rampart) and Graven (The Moat) mark the limits of the town as it then was.

Old Aarhus

Aarhus have many historic quarters which are an integrated part of the modern city. The Latin Quarter and Møllestien are characterised by narrow and cobblestoned streets with beautiful houses which are dominated by older architecture.

The Latin Quarter also contains many chic design shops with unique items. Discover the relaxing atmosphere by visiting the quarters.

The Latin Quarter in Aarhus

The Latin Quarter

The Latin Quarter is the oldest and most well preserved quarter in Aarhus and rose in the 14th century. Here you can find designer clothes and unique items.

Churches in Aarhus

The two major old churches in Aarhus are the Cathedral and the Church of Our Lady.

At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century Aarhus expanded rapidly and new city quarters emerged. New churches were needed: the churches of Skt. Paul (in Frederiksbjerg) and Skt. Johannes (in Trøjborg). Later, in the 1930s, the churches of Skt. Markus (near the Botanical Gardens) and Skt. Lukas (in Frederiksbjerg) were built. The architecture of the latter is quite unique.

During the latter half of the 20th century, and in parallel with the continued expansion of the city, several churches were erected in fascinating architectural and innovative church-building styles. These churches include Ravnsbjerg Kirke, Helligåndskirken (in Hasle), Skjoldhøj Kirke, and Skelager Kirke.

Churches in Aarhus